• Signs of Weakness
  • Clinical Evaluation
  • Testing and Referral
  • Resources and Tools
12+ months: Jumping PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 17 January 2012 02:19

Greater than 12 months: Jumping/Hopping


Watch child jump (straight up) starting at about 2 years. Look to see that both feet clear the ground. Watch child hop on one foot starting at about 3.5 years.

What does jumping for a weak child look like?


Inability to jump with both feet simultaneously in the air by 2.5 years or inability to hop on one foot by 4 years requires further evaluation. Deterioration in these skills requires further evaluation.

Therapist Response to Red Flag

Evaluate in light of overall strength. Communicate specific concerns about jump and/or hop (in context of overall development and relevant environmental factors) to the family and referring provider. Provide evidence for weakness rather than poor coordination as a cause for the delay. Encourage a referral to a specialist (consider pediatric neurology) for a diagnostic evaluation.

Specialist Response to Red Flag

Evaluate in light of overall strength. Refer for diagnostic workup if weakness is suspected or identified.

Download a pdf of the Surveillance and Referral Aid for Therapists and Specialists. This Aid includes signs of weakness by age, red flags and warning signs for muscle weakness, and referral recommendations.
Last Updated on Tuesday, 04 September 2012 21:54

Did you know?

Signs of proximal muscle weakness include: abdominal breathing or accessory muscle use; a feeling of "slipping through hands" when held suspended by examiner under armpits; inability to voluntarily flex neck when supine or head lag when pulled to sit; difficulty rising from floor (including Gowers maneuver, full or modified)